Travel Date : Till 31st December 2016

11D10N UZBEKISTAN - TURKMENISTAN TOUR PACKAGE

*Child No Bed (2 – 10 years) 60% from above rate

11D10N Turkey MUSLIM Trip Departure iNCLUSIVE:

: Tour and transfer as per itinerary
: Accommodation based on double room sharing (3*) breakfasts included;
: Sightseeing tour program in each city with English Speaking guide
: Entrance tickets to sights as per itinerary;
: Economy class ticket for flight Urgench-Tashkent;
: Economy class ticket for flight Mary-Ashgabat;
: Economy class ticket for flight Ashgabat-Dashoguz;
: Economy-class ticket for train Tashkent-Samarkand “Afrasiyab”;
: Visa support Letter for Uzbekistan tourist visa;
: Visa support Letter of invitation for Turkmenistan tourist visa

nOTES & sURCHARGE :

: Price subject to change during peak season Ex. Christmas, New Year etc
Optional:
1) Half Board Meal (10 x Lunch) : RM 590.00 per person
2) Full Board Meal (10 x Lunch & 10 x Dinner) : RM 1,180.00 per person
3) Upgrade to 4* Hotel Category : RM 490.00 per person

: Child aged from 2 – 10 years old
: Package Exclude;
> Consular fees for Uzbekistan visa;
> Turkmenistan visa consular fees (cost depends on place to obtain), tax at border (12 USD p/p, paid once)
> Photo and video charges in monuments;
> Hotel charges for additional services;
> Personal travel insurance.
> Tips for guide/driver

Day 01: ARRIVAL IN TASHKENT

Arrive in Tashkent. You will be met by your driver and guide. Early hotel check-in with breakfast. Morning start sightseeing in the capital of Uzbekistan, the biggest city in Central Asia. Visit: *Old City part of Tashkent, *Khast-Imom Complex (XVI-XXI century) where the world famous Quran (VII century) of Caliph Uthman – Ottoman has been preserved. In Khast-Imom visit Madrasah of Barak-Khan, Tilla Sheikh Mosque, Mausoleum of the Saint Abu Bakr Kaffal Shashi and the Islamic Institute of Imam al-Bukhari, *Chor-Su Bazaar, the age of which is more than hundred years, *Tashkent Metro (1977) Ride - is the only currently operating metro in Central Asia, *Amir Temur Square - surrounded with the buildings of the “Uzbekistan” Hotel, University of Law (former Women’s Gymnasium), the Amir Timur Museum, well-known Tashkent Chimes and the Forums Palace - one of the most grandiose architectural structures in Tashkent, *Independence Square - located in the center of Tashkent city. It is a favorite resting place for the Tashkent residents. The fact that the most beautiful fountains of the city are located in the square contributed considerably to it *Applied Arts Museum (1937) – its fund lists over 7,000 samples of applied arts: handmade embroidery, skull-caps, jewelry, carpets and other examples of craftsmanship of the beginning of the 19th century to present day. Overnight at the hotel..

Day 02: TASHKENT – SAMARKAND (TRAIN - 345 KM) (B)

Breakfast at the hotel At 07:00 transfer from your hotel to railway station Fast-speed train “Afrasiyab” departs Tashkent at 08:00 and arrives in Samarkand at 10:10 (300 km). Upon arrival we begin the city tour in Samarkand: *Registan Square (XV-XVII centuries) - during centuries it was the center of Samarkand. The word Registan means “sand place”. The ensemble consists of three Madrassah: Ulugbek Madrassah (15th century), Sher – Dor Madrassah (17th century) and Tilla-Kari Madrassah (gold covered) (17th century). *Bibi Khanum Mosque (1399-1404) - The majestic blue domes of the Bibi-Khanym Mosque are the unusual sight. It takes one’s breath even from understanding the scale of construction of this monument, impressing with its size and beauty. In antiquity the dome of this mosque was compared with the dome of heaven and the arch of portal – with the Milky Way. *Siyob Bazaar (on Mondays it’s closed) - is a largest trading center of Samarkand. Mostly here you can find national bread, fruits, vegetables, sweets and a lot more *Ulugbek Observatory (1428-1429) – The astronomical miracle of medieval Uzbekistan. Observatory was unique construction for its time.The basis of observatory was giant goniometer vertical circle), radius of circle was equal 40,212 meters, and the length of arc was 63 meters *Shakhi-Zinda Necropolis (XIV-XV centuries) - consists of rows of refine sparkling blue colors tombs. Shakhi Zinda consists of eleven mausoleums, which were built one after another in XIV - XV centuries. Shakhi Zinda is the burial place of royal persons and nobles. But the main mausoleum from which the necropolis starts seems to be the imaginary grave of Prophet Muhammad's cousin, Kusama Ibn Abbas. The complex was called "Shakhi Zinda" that means in Persian "The Living King". *Gur Emir Mausoleum (XV century) – authentic shrine of Tamerlane. This majestic complex consisted of a khanaka, the madrasah of Muhammad Sultan - grandson of Amir Timur, and, later, tombs of Amir Timur himself and his descendants. Gur Emir was a prototype for famous samples of architecture of the Great Mughal: Humayun Mausoleum in Delhi and the Taj Mahal in Agra, built by Timur descendants.

Day 03: SAMARKAND (B)

Breakfast at the hotel. Continue sightseeing visiting: *Afrasiab Museum (1970) – the most valuable artifacts of the history of ancient Samarkand. It is a museum in Samarkand dedicated to the history of the city. The museum's exhibits illustrate the history of Samarkand’s development from the time of Alexander the Great conquest. *Mausoleum of Saint Daniel (1900, but grave was long earlier) - There is hardly any place in the world is a where Muslim, Christian and Jew come to pray. But this Tomb of the Old Testament Prophet Daniel, also known as Daniiel, or Doniyar. Then drive to Konigil village to explore traditional way of making Samarkand paper from mulberry. Enjoy free time with car and driver at your disposal after sightseeing tour. Overnight at the hotel.

Day 04: SAMARKAND - BUKHARA (280 KM) (B)

Breakfast at the hotel. In the morning depart Samarkand and drive to Bukhara (280 km, 4 h.*). Stop on the way at: *Caravanserai Rabat Malik (XI century) – summer residence of Karakhanids. There is no analogous monuments which can give us an example of every-day life of the Karakhanid rulers in the territory of Central Asia. Continue driving to Bukhara. Arrive in Bukhara, check in to the hotel. Spend your afternoon in fascinating Old Bukhara which is listed by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site. Explore: *Kalyan Minaret (1127) – City symbol of Bukhara. The minaret was designated to summon Muslims to prayer five times a day. It still dominates the skyline of Bukhara, astonishing all who see it with its magnificent and flawless shape *Kalyan Mosque (XV century) - The layout of the Djuma Mosque (named the Kalyan Mosque) is traditional: a rectangular courtyard with a tall and large maksura room on the west side. *Miri-Arab Madrasah (XVI century) – is one of the best Bukhara architectural school monuments. Architecture and décor of Miri-Arab distinguish by highest culture and taste. *Magoki-Attori Mosque (XII century) – Islamic mosque dating back to Zorastrianism. It is an example of an urban mosque in a residential quarter *Ulugbek madrasah (1417) – the most ancient of three madrasahs, built by Ulugbek *Abdulazizkhan madrasahs (1651-1652) – luxurious decoration. The building is typical by composition, with four-ayvans yard, but with unordinary divergent fan of hudj groups after side ayvans and cupola buildings on the central axis *Trading domes – Toki-Sarrafon Trading Dome (was currency exchange center of Central Asia), Telpak Furushon Trading Dome (first was book selling place, later selling caps), Timi Abdullakhan Trading Dome (carpets and fabrics were sold), Toki-Zargaron Trading Dome (were selling jewelries) *Lyabi Hauz Ensemble (XVI-XVII centuries) – historical source of water supply in Bukhara. It is formed with three large monumental buildings: Kukeldash Madrasah (1568-1569) in the north, khanaka (1619-1620) and Nodir Divan-begi in the west and in the east *Chor-Minor Madrasah (1807) – “Four Minarets” - The towers’ décor elements are believed to reflect the religious-philosophical understanding of the world’s four religions. Overnight at the hotel.

Day 05: BUKHARA (B)

Breakfast at the hotel. Start the second day in Bukhara discovering: *Legendary Ark Fortress (IV century BC) – The symbol of the state power. It was a residence of Bukhara khans *Bolo-Khauz Mosque (1712) – it is the only preserved monument on the Registan Square. The complex consists of the reservoir, Friday mosque and minaret. The most ancient part of the complex is the pond (Khauz), which is called as Bolo-Khauz ("Children's reservoir"). *Ismail Samani mausoleum (IX century) - It was erected as a family crypt immediately after the death of Ismail Samani's father. Mausoleum is full of magnificence and feeling of moving from this world to the world that lasts forever. *Chashma-Ayub mausoleum (XII-XVI centuries) – “Saint Job’s Source”. A legend has it that the Bible prophet Job, having visited this land, decided to help the people who suffered from water shortage in the desert. He struck the ground with his stick, making a source of crystal clear water sprang at that place. Drive out of the city outskirts visiting: *Sitorai Mokhi-Khosa (XIX century mid) – summer residence of Bukhara’s last emir. The Bukhara architects having trained in Russia managed to combine oriental and western styles in their creation. *Mausoleum of Bakhoutdin Naqshbandi (1544) – is one of the most important Muslim shrines. The Mausoleum of Saint Bakhouddin Naqshbandi is considered as the Central Asian Mekka. Believers from different muslim countries come here to ask for the fulfilment of wishes and healing. Enjoy free time in the afternoon. Overnight at the hotel.

Day 06: BUKHARA – FARAP BORDER – MARY (435 KM) (B)

Breakfast at the hotel. In the morning transfer to Uzbekistan-Turkmenistan border point Alat-Farab (100 km, 1 h. 30 min.). Go through border formalities on both checkpoints. Cross 1.5 km neutral zone (transportation may not be available). TURKMENISTAN - Meet your Turkmenistan guide and drive to Mary through Turkmenabat (290 km, 5 h. 30 min.). Arrival in Mary, check in to the hotel. *Mary – is the third largest city of Turkmenistan. It is located in a big oasis in the middle of the Kara Kum Desert. Mary was founded in 1884 as a Russian military administrative center 30 kilometers from ancient Merv (by the way until 1937 Mary was called Merv). Today it is a major center of cotton industry, large traffic point and the main center of gas industry which brings the most revenues to Turkmenistan treasury – Hotel

Day 07: MARY – MERV – ASHGABAT (80 KM + FLIGHT (370 KM)) (B)

Breakfast at the hotel. After breakfast drive to Ancient Merv historical site (40 km, 30 min.). Merv was a major center of international trade and crafts located on the Silk Road. Today Merv is entered into the list of the World Legacy of UNESCO as a well-preserved ancient center of the Great Silk Road. Discover: *Sultan Sanjar Mausoleum (1140) - whose name is connected to the prosperous period of the great Seljuk Empire. This amazing landmark is almost 40 m high. It vividly reflects the greatest achievements and prosperity of Seljuks. *Kyz Gala (VI-VII centuries) - These are numerous manors-keshks of medieval feudal lords. Major and Minor Kyz-Kala are relatively small fortresses with corrugated, as if pleated, walls. They were put on earthy ramps with a slight inclination. *Erk Gala (VI century) – was the center of ancient Merv. The fortifications of Erk-Kala have sagged under earth drifts but nevertheless, have preserved their height and power. ow the height of the fortifications with steep slopes and precisely cut out towers reaches 25 - 29 m. Erk-Kala was called Margush for some time. Gyaur Gala (IV century B.C) - was one of the most powerful ancient structure with the area over 300 hectares. The walls of Gyaur-Kala are square with the hills of towers put at identical distance from each other. The ruins of Gyaur-Kala comprise the city of Margian Antioquia constructed in the traditions of antique architecture. The founder of the city was Selevkid king Antiochus Soter (280-261). Being in Marhiana he ordered surround the oasis with a 230 km wall and to found the city of Antioquia. Return to Mary. Visit History Museum of Merv region. Take the evening flight to Ashgabat (370 km, 40 min.). Transfer to the hotel upon arrival. Overnight at the hotel. Duration of sightseeing tour: 4-5 hours.

Day 08: ASHGABAT (B)

Breakfast at the hotel. Sightseeing tour in Ashgabat – capital of Turkmenistan, which has experienced boom of “Marble Architecture” for the past 15 years. Explore: *Old Nisa (III century B.C) – archeological site, which is included in UNESCO World Heritage list. The ruins have mud brick remains of fortifications and palaces, temples, ceremony hall, treasury building. It covers the remains of Parthian civilization, what combined the traditional art and culture with Hellenistic and Roman elements. *Turkmenbashy Spiritual Mosque – one of the biggest mosques in Central Asia. *National Museum of History (1998) (on Tuesdays it’s closed) – A three-storey museum complex exposition is divided into 7 thematic galleries to store over a total of 166,000 unique exhibits. *Monument of Neutrality (1995) – The 95-m structure like a giant lighthouse dominating over white-marbled Ashgabat is the tallest monument in Turkmenistan. The structure rests on three pylons forming a trivet – a Turkmen hearth stand, symbolizing the strength of the state. In the afternoon drive to Horse farm to see Akhalteke horses – pride of Turkmen nation. Continue the tour with visits to: *Presidential Square *Ertugrul Gazi Mosque (1990s) – is the largest one in Ashgabat and can accommodate up to 5,000 people at the same time. It was built in Turkish style and named in honor of oguzkhan Ertogrul – Osman I, the father of Osman Empire first ruler. *Independence Park - Its territory occupies 140 hectares, which is almost half of all the Ashgabat green open space. Moving along the main alley with five-headed eagles-fountains and statues of national heroes, you will go up by a wide marble stairs to the Independence Monument. This 118-m column, topped by a crescent moon with five stars, symbolizes the unity of five Turkmen tribes. Take a picture of the Monument of Lenin. Overnight at the hotel (*Tolkuchka bazaar visiting is available on Thu, Sat, Sun and it can be added into program).

Day 09: ASHGABAT – DASHOGUZ – KUNYA URGENCH – DASHOGUZ BORDER – KHIVA (FLIGHT (580 KM) + 260 KM) (B)

Breakfast at the hotel. Transfer to the airport for morning flight to Dashoguz (580 km, 50 min.). Drive to Kunya-Urgench (100 km, 1 h. 30 min.), the ancient capital of Khorezm Empire. Kunya-Urgench is a unique place on the globe. The magnitude and value of its monuments are indisputable. The architectural masterpieces of the city have been entered into the list of the World's Legacy of UNESCO. Visit Kunya Urgench historical site: *Turabek-Khanum Mausoleum (XIV century) – she was a real historic figure, a Mongolian princess, the favorite daughter of the governor of Golden Horde - Uzbek-khan and the spouse of his deputy in Khoresm Kutlug Timur. Tyurabek - khanym was the patroness of women. Eventually she was canonized and declared a saint. *Sultan Tekesh Mausoleum (XII century) - Khoresmshakh tekesh was an odious person. He managed to unite the huge territory stretching from the Aral Sea in the north to the Persian Gulf in the south and from Pamir in the east to Iran plateau in the west. *Sultan Il Arslan Mausoleum (XII century) – is an absolutely unique building of the epoch testifying about the achievements of medieval architecture. 700 years have passed but this decoration still causes admiration with its perfection. *Najmad-din-Kubra Mausoleum (XIV century) – is the founder of the dervish order "Kubraviya" in Islam, a Sufi sheikh - the main monument in the memorial complex "360". This place is considered holy. Pilgrims from all world pay visits there. *Sultan Ali Mausoleum (XVI century) *Kutlug-Timur Minaret (XIV century, probably started in XI century) – 60 - meter high minaret of Kutlug-Timur is the highest monument in Central Asia even in comparison to the mausoleum of Sultan Sandzhar. To get to the top you would use a spiral staircase of 145 steps but the staircase was only accessible from the roof of the mosque which does not exist anymore.*Kyrk Molla Hill In the afternoon drive to Turkmenistan-Uzbekistan border point Dashoguz-Shavat (100 km, 1 h. 30 min.). Go through border formalities on both checkpoints. Cross 1 km neutral zone (transportation may not be available). UZBEKISTAN - Meet your Uzbekistan guide with driver and drive to Khiva (60 km, 1 h.). Overnight hotel.

Day 10: KHIVA – URGENCH – TASHKENT (30 KM + FLIGHT (1093 KM)) (B)

Breakfast at the hotel. Check-out from hotel till noon. Today you will visit: *Itchan-Kala Fortress - is a UNESCO World Heritage site. Today Itchan-Kala (Ichan Kala) is open-air museum. It is the old part of the city, surrounded with wall and turned into the State Historical Archaeological Museum. Here on the vast territory of 26 hectares the exotic image of the eastern city has been preserved. In Itchan-Kala there are about 60 historic buildings. *Mukhammad Aminkhan Madrasah (1851-1854) – is the largest madrasah not only in Khiva but in the Central Asia. The two-storied building occupies the area of 72 to 60 meters and has 125 khudjras (cells), intended for 260 students. *Mukhammad Rahimkhan Madrasah (1876) – is a bright sample of culture of architecture of that epoch and takes a special niche in the history of Khoresm. Named after Muhammad Rahim-khan, who was one of the most educated representatives of Kungrat dynasty ever to rule in Khiva since 1770. *Kalta-Minor (1855) – it has become the real symbol of the city. Foundation of the minaret is 15 meters, diameter at the foundation is 14,5 meters and the height is 29 meters. But this massive tower has only third part of the project height. Its unique decoration strikes an imagination: the minaret is completely covered with the glazed tile & majolica. *Juma Mosque (XVIII century end) - is an original building without portals and cupolas, without galleries and yards. It is 55x46 m. The interior space is a single hall, the flat ceiling of which is supported by 215 wooden pillars. *Tash-Khovli Palace (XIX century) – summer residence of Khiva khans. The original synthesis of architecture and monumental decorative art in the creative work of the Khorezm masters are vividly represented by this palace. *Pakhlavan Makhmud Mausoleum (1701) - If blue domes as the symbol of the eastern architecture can be often found in Samarkand and Bukhara, there is only one blue dome in Khiva. It decorates the tomb of Makhmud Pahlavan, a famous poet and warrior of the XIV century. In the mausoleum of Pahlavan Mahmud people pray and drink the holy water. *Islam-Khoja minaret (XX century) – is the highest minaret in Uzbekistan. The height of the minaret 56.6 meters, diameter of the fundament is 9.5 at the base. Enjoy breathtaking panoramic views of Old Khiva in Kunya-Ark (1686). Free time in the afternoon. In the evening you will be transferred to Urgench airport (30 km, 35 min.) for flight to Tashkent (1093 km, 1 h. 40 min.). Upon arrival transfer to the hotel. Overnight at the hotel..

Day 11: TASHKENT - DEPARTURE (B)

Breakfast at the hotel (if time of flight permits). Check-out from the hotel till noon. Free time until transfer to Tashkent International Airport. Departure - End of the tour.